Executive Editor, GM-Trucks.com
Unless you're getting a WT, Chevrolet is switching up the base engine for the all new 2019 Silverado. A new 2.7-Liter Turbocharged Four Cylinder was announced today as the replacement for the 4.3L V6 on all but work truck trim levels.
Standard on LT and RST trim levels, the new 2.7L will produce 310-horsepower and 348 lb-ft of torque. Not too shabby for a four-banger and on par with the rating for the old 5.3L V8 from only 5 years ago. Chevrolet says the new turbo-four is specifically developed for a truck application and delivers peak torque in a usable 1500-4000 rpm range.
The 2.7L will be GM's first use of active fuel management on a four cylinder engine. Note, that's not the same dynamic fuel management tech that will be found on the two V8s. It will also feature stop/start, an electric water pump, active thermal management, and an integrated exhaust manifold.
To produce truck-usable torque, GM gave the new 2.7L a long 4.01 inch stroke and an offset crankshaft.
Here's the full press release with all the fancy marketing jargon.
ALL-NEW 2.7L TURBO ENHANCES VERSATILITY OF THE 2019 SILVERADO
Technological powerhouse delivers performance and efficiency
DETROIT — The all-new 2019 Chevrolet Silverado 1500 will be offered with an all-new, technologically advanced 2.7L Turbo that expands the range of available engines and builds upon additional choices to help customers find the Silverado that perfectly suits their needs.
Standard on LT and RST trims, the new engine delivers an SAE-certified 310 horsepower and 348 lb-ft of torque, for 22 percent more torque than the 4.3L V-6 it replaces. Developed specifically for truck applications, the new 2.7L Turbo inline four-cylinder engine delivers peak torque from 1,500 to 4,000 rpm.
The next-gen Silverado with the 2.7L Turbo delivers 0-60 mph performance in less than seven seconds and weighs 380 pounds less than the current Silverado with the 4.3L V-6. Compared with competitive full-size trucks, the Silverado 2.7L Turbo is expected to deliver comparable payload capability with greater torque than the 3.3L V-6 in the Ford F-150 XLT and the 3.6L V-6 in the Ram 1500 Big Horn.
“The new 2.7L Turbo is a technological marvel, with our most advanced valvetrain,” said Tom Sutter, chief engineer for the 2.7L Turbo. “With a broad, flat torque curve and quick throttle response, it punches above its weight, delivering surprising performance and efficiency.”
The cornerstone of the 2.7L Turbo is an innovative double overhead cam valvetrain that enables:
Chevrolet’s first use of Active Fuel Management (cylinder deactivation) on a four-cylinder engine. High- and low-lift valve profiles. Continuously variable valve timing.
Additional engine technologies supporting the engine’s performance and efficiency include:
Dual-volute turbocharger housing for improved throttle response and low-speed torque. Chevrolet’s first application of Active Thermal Management, which uses targeted engine heating and cooling to improve engine performance in hot and cold ambient temperatures. An integrated exhaust manifold that is part of the cylinder head assembly and recovers exhaust heat for faster engine and transmission warmup, with quicker turbo response. Stop/start technology that automatically stops the engine in stop-and-go traffic for fuel efficiency. An electric water pump that eliminates the drag of a conventional, engine-driven pump to enhance efficiency. It also enables continual cabin heating even when the engine is disabled by the stop/start feature.
Designed as a truck engine
The new 2.7L Turbo engine represents a clean-sheet design for Chevrolet and was developed from the outset as a truck engine.
To help generate the strong low-end torque customers expect in a truck, it was designed with a long piston stroke of 4.01 inches (102mm), which is the distance the piston travels up and down within the cylinder.
The long stroke enables improved combustion and thus a higher compression ratio. Typically, a long stroke can increase the load of the pistons against the cylinder walls, generating more friction. That’s alleviated in the 2.7L Turbo with an offset crankshaft. It is slightly off-center of the cylinders, allowing a more upright position for the connecting rods during their movement.
To support the high cylinder pressures that come with turbocharging, the crankshaft and connecting rods are made of forged steel and the pistons are made of a tough aluminum alloy with a cast iron ring groove insert.
All elements of the 2.7L Turbo were designed for the demands of turbocharged performance in a truck environment, and the engine was subjected to the same rigorous durability standards as the Silverado’s proven V-8 engines.
The 2.7L Turbo features an aluminum block and cylinder head for reduced mass.
Unique valvetrain offers more precise control
The 2.7L Turbo’s valvetrain is GM’s first to incorporate variable lift, duration and Active Fuel Management to optimize performance and efficiency across the rpm band. It is a key reason the engine’s peak torque is available at only 1,500 rpm.
The system’s electro-mechanical variable camshaft effectively allows the engine to operate with three different camshaft profiles, complementing the variable valve timing system to deliver optimized operating modes for different engine speeds and loads:
1. High valve lift for full power.
2. Low valve lift for balance of power and efficiency.
3. Active Fuel Management shuts down two of the cylinders in light load conditions to further conserve fuel.
“It’s like having different engines for low- and high-rpm performance,” said Sutter. “The camshaft profile and valve timing is completely different at low and high speeds, for excellent performance across the board.”
The camshaft design alters the lift of the intake and exhaust valves. As the engine load changes, electromagnetic actuators allow a movable shaft containing different cam lobes to shift imperceptibly between high-lift and low-lift profiles.
Lift is the distance the valve travels from its seat when opened, and duration is the amount of time the valve remains open. Higher lift and longer duration allow more air to flow into the combustion chamber, so the system’s high-lift lobe profile enhances performance at higher rpm, while the low-lift profile optimizes efficiency at low- and mid-range speeds.
Dual-volute turbocharger builds torque
The 2.7L Turbo engine employs an advanced dual-volute turbocharger that elevates the performance and efficiency advantages of a conventional turbo, with quicker response and enhanced low-rpm torque production.
Rather than a single spiral chamber (volute) feeding exhaust gas from the exhaust manifold to drive the turbine on the turbocharger, the dual volute design has a pair of separate chambers with two exhaust gas inlets and two nozzles to drive the turbine. The design allows the exhaust pulses of the engine to be leveraged for faster spool-up and subsequent boost production, particularly at low rpm, where the effect significantly enhances torque output and drivability.
It works in unison with the engine’s integrated exhaust manifold/turbocharger housing, which splits the exhaust channels from the cylinder head so the exhaust flows through two separate channels in the turbo housing, based on the engine’s exhaust pulses. When complemented by the precision of the engine’s valvetrain, that separation leverages exhaust scavenging techniques to optimize gas flow, which decreases exhaust gas temperatures, improves turbine efficiency and reduces turbo lag.
An electronically controlled wastegate and charge-air cooling system support the turbocharger and enhance its effectiveness. Compared to a conventional wastegate, the electronically controlled version offers more precise management of the engine’s boost pressure for smoother, more consistent performance.
With the charge-air cooler, the pressurized, heated air generated by the turbocharger is pumped through a heat exchanger before it enters the engine. That lowers the air charge temperature by about 130 degrees F (74 C), packing the combustion chambers with cooler, denser air that enhances power production. The system achieves more than 80 percent cooling efficiency with less than 2 psi (12 kPa) flow restriction at peak power, contributing to the engine’s available torque production at low rpm.
A variable-pressure oiling system with a continuously variable-displacement vane oil pump enhances efficiency by optimizing oil pressure as a function of engine speed and load. With it, the oil supply is matched to the engine requirements rather than the excessive supply of a conventional, fixed-displacement oil pump.
Active Thermal Management helps the engine warm up faster and achieve its optimal engine temperature for performance and efficiency. The system uses a rotary valve system to distribute coolant through the engine in a targeted manner. It sends heat where it’s needed to warm up the engine to reduce friction and heat the cab, or cools when needed for high power operation.
An electric water pump — a first for Chevy trucks — supports the Active Thermal Management system and further enhances the engine’s performance and efficiency by eliminating the parasitic drag that comes with a conventional engine-driven water pump.
Direct fuel injection is used to optimize efficiency and performance. With direct injection, a higher compression ratio (10.0:1) is possible because of a cooling effect as the injected fuel vaporizes in the combustion chamber, reducing the charge temperature and improving resistance to spark knock. Direct injection also enables gas scavenging from the combustion chamber to the turbo for fast response.
Dual overhead camshafts contribute to the 2.7L Turbo’s smoothness and high output, with dual independent continuously variable valve timing working with the valvetrain to deliver optimal performance and efficiency. The dual independent system, which allows the intake and exhaust valves to be phased at different rates, promotes linear delivery of torque with near-peak levels over a broad rpm range, and high specific output (horsepower per liter of displacement) without sacrificing overall engine response or driveability.
An integrated exhaust manifold on the cylinder head assembly promotes faster engine warmup and quicker turbo response.
Oil jets located in the block are employed for performance and temperature control. They target the underside of the pistons and the surrounding cylinder walls with an extra layer of cooling, friction-reducing oil. The jets reduce piston temperature, allowing the engine to produce more power and enhance long-term durability.
Stop/start enhances fuel economy in city driving. The driver-selectable system shuts off the engine at stoplights and certain other stop-and-go situations, saving fuel. The engine automatically restarts when the driver takes their foot off the brake.
The all-new 2.7L Turbo is matched with a Hydra-Matic eight-speed automatic transmission featuring enhancements designed to improve shift quality, as well as a new centrifugal pendulum absorber torque converter that reduces vibrations to improve smoothness.
The all-new 2.7L Turbo will be built at the General Motors Spring Hill facility in Tennessee.
The 2019 Silverado goes on sale this fall. EPA fuel economy estimates and towing/payload capacities are not yet available and will be announced closer to launch.
Anyone deleted the down stream O2's in tuning? I have the HPtuners PRO and have the codes it keeps throwing
P0036 HO2S Heater control Circuit
P0138 O2 Circuit High Voltage
I can remove the code but it seams to come back. And with the check engine light on truck can't remote start.
I should add the truck has a ON3 turbo kit. and there are 4 bungs for O2 sensors, however in the wrong spots. Only the up streams are in the right spots. And I use the down tube upper O2 for the Wide Band. So out of holes! Had I known this I would have had a bung added in the crossover before the kit is installed. This is the best option but for now if I can just delete and move on it would be best.
Contributing Writer, GM-Trucks.com
Chevy teased out a bit of price info today. Most notably, that the 2018 Traverse will start at just $30,875 including destination and delivery. Chevy says that the Traverse will come in L, LS, LT, Premier, and a new sporty RS trim as well as the top-of-the line High Country. A Redline package will be available on Premier, with blacked-out and red accents.
We went to the on-line configurator and priced out an AWD High Country Traverse with the optional Iridescent Pearl Tricoat paint, powered universal tablet holder, a year of OnStar Guidance and came up with as price of about $55k. The configurator bails out at the end and won't display a final buy price, but refers the person shopping to a dealer.
The entry price is up about $2K from last year, which started at $28,700.
Contributing Writer, GM-Trucks.com
Family and other commitments/conflicts kept the GM-Trucks.com staff away from the North American International Auto Show this year, an event we rarely miss. However, we do have friends, (well, one anyway), and he put eyeballs on the new Chevy Traverse for us and was kind enough to send us these images.
Patrick Rall lives in Michigan right across from GM's proving grounds and is a long-time concept car spotter. We know him from Torque News and other publications at which he writes and works in editing. Patrick gave us his first-hand impressions of the new Traverse, and what we like about his comments is that they are very much like those offered by our members in the comments section of our Traverse launch story Monday.
Patrick says that in person the Traverse does look like the larger Suburban and he says that was the general opinion at the show of those in attendance. That is certainly intentional and we suspect most of our members will say that is a good direction for the three-row Traverse. Patrick says that the new styling makes the Traverse look more big-SUV and less curvy little crossover. He also added, "The segment favors crossovers that are more like old school SUVs and less like big station wagons - which is why we are seeing Jeep do their best to make their smaller vehicles look like the Grand Cherokee or Wrangler." Good perspective. Our thanks for Patrick Rall's input and images.
Hello All, I had started another thread but feel that this may be a better place to post.
2017 Denali 2500HD Duramax, 837 Miles on the truck and the dealer is reporting to me that the Turbo has failed. There were no check engine lights or codes present, just a hellacious noise and lack of power. The truck would not go 30mph wide open throttle but idled perfectly fine. The dealer is telling me that engineering is involved but currently has no resolution, they have had the truck for 4 days. I will update this post as more information is available and a resolve is achieved.
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